AFRICANS- Black People.


The black residents inhabiting America are descended from African slaves.
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Most African Americans are of the West and Central African descent and are descendants of enslaved blacks within the boundaries of the present United States.
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After the founding of the United States, black people continued to be enslaved and treated as inferiors.
The first recorded Africans were brought to Jamestown British America in 1619 to work as labourers and were leased and sold to other English settlers as slaves
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. The slaves intermarried and more came in through the Atlantic Slave trade and by 1860 there were more than 3.5 million enslaved African Americans in the United States, and another 500,000 living free across the country.
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The constituted a large investment by producing America’s most valuable product- cotton and helped build the U.S Capitol, The White House and other District of Columbia buildings. In 1863 during the American Civil War President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation declaring all slaves free.
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This was a major reason behind his assassination.
The Blacks hurriedly built and quickly set up congregations for themselves as well as schools and community associations, to have space away from white control/oversight. Racially motivated violence and racial discrimination continued into the 19th Century and early 20th Century till the formation of the Civil Rights Movement 1955-1968 whose popular representations are centered on the leadership and philosophy of Martin Luther King Jr.
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The movement put pressure on President John F. Kennedy for jobs and freedom.
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A large number of African Americans supported the Republican party because it was Republican President Abraham Lincoln who helped in granting freedom to American slaves; until the New Deal by Franklin D. Roosevelt which provided economic relief to African Americans making a trend for African American voting for Democrats since 1930. In 2008 Barrack Obama became the first African American President of U.S.A under the Democratic Party.
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Racial Segregation in the early 70s lead to the formation of black street clubs who were excluded from organizations such as the Boy Scouts due to their colour. This ultimately led to Criminal Gang Related activities such as Crack Cocaine peddling and  Gun Violence.
It also led to the formation of a means of giving voice to the hopes and angers of a generation- HIP HOP

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